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Transcranial brain electrostimulation. What is it? How does it work?

Transcranial brain electrostimulation. What is it? How does it work?

Quickly learning a new word; getting rid of a bad habit in a few days; increasing physical reaction speed; overcoming depression and learning to play guitar – electronic neuro-stimulator will help you achieve all that faster and easier than usual.

Transcranial electrostimulation has been long and successfully applied in medicine in order to fight Parkinson’s disease, during post-apoplexy rehabilitation and chronical pain syndromes. It is also used for treating kids with development gap, preventing epileptic seizures, overcoming depression and so on.

What is neuro-stimulation?

Transcranial brain electrostimulation. What is it? How does it work?

Electric neuro-stimulation implies exposure of peripheral and central nervous systems to low voltage electrical current. Depending on the area that the electrodes are applied to there is peripheral nerve electrostimulation, spinal electrostimulation and cerebrum electrostimulation. During the recent decades, implantable electric neuro-stimulators have been frequently used in modern medicine. They block the pain signals that the body sends to the brain, thus preventing one’s suffering.

But the world evolves and scientific discoveries in the field of electric neuro-stimulation used to medical ends start to spread into everyday life. The results of recent researches show that electrostimulation positively affects human’s cognitive functions: memory, thinking process, education, speech, visual-spatial perception.

In several countries, you can even buy electric neuro-stimulators for personal use. They are based on transcranial (trans (Latin) – through, cranium (Latin) – skull) direct current stimulation or TDSD for short. The current voltage in these stimulators is rather low, and the stimulation effect helps improve memory, thinking process, intuition, reaction speed and so on.

How does it work?

Transcranial stimulation is based on the principle of synaptic plasticity – the main mechanism working during memorization and education. The neurons in our brain are connected to one another, and when perform any activity (for instance, taking in a piece of text), then the neurons pass signals to one another through a certain chain in appropriate brain areas. Passing signals between neurons happens via synapsis. Here’s the idea: if you perform an action which you are used to, like, memorizing a new word, then in order for you to memorize it, a new neural path must form in the brain. A word that is harder to memorize takes neurons more time and resources to activate their partners. And you’ll need let’s say about two minutes of boning up to memorize that word. The process of electro-stimulation speeds up the signal while decreasing resting potential of the neural membrane. So, thanks to that the memorization process will take 1,5 minutes versus two.

Neurons constantly monitor how much, when and who they pass signals to. And if they start to do it more often, then the interneuronic connections begin to grow in order to ease the passing of signals. For instance, you are learning to bounce a ball. It will be difficult first time, but then, having learned to do it, you’ll perform it easily. Even if you haven’t done for a long time, you’ll remember how to handle a ball once it gets into your hands. And all this is because your brain already knows how your body should move.

How dangerous is brain electro-stimulation?

Transcranial brain electrostimulation. What is it? How does it work?

It’s completely safe.

Through transcranial stimulation you can improve reaction speed, increase concentration of attention, improve memory and learning abilities, get rid of bad habits and pick up your mood. Apart from that, you can also develop an ability of solving unusual tasks, as well as mathematical and linguistic abilities. Electro-stimulation can’t harm a person whatsoever as the current output used in the device is ridiculously low and equals 2 mA (the same amount that a cricket needs to start glowing). A person doesn’t usually feel anything (or just a light tingling) during electro-stimulation session.

Neuro-stimulator is usually a compact box and 2 electrodes which must be connected to one’s head. You will also find conducting fluid and a thorough manual in the set.

It is proven that several areas of the brain are responsible for corresponding mental abilities. Thus, memory, attention and muscular centers are situated in the frontal lobe; tongue center – in the temporal area; parietal cortex contains tactile centers. Depending on which mental ability you want to improve you need to apply the electrodes to a certain area of your head.

Why do we need electro-stimulation?

We recommend an electro-stimulation course because if you, for instance, have been practicing guitar for 10 days straight combining it with stimulation, then your neurons understand that the signals go through that route more consistently and, thus, that function must be preserved. Reacting to this the synapsis between neurons bulk up (like muscle growth). When you undergo a stimulation course, your synapsis much easier pass signals between neurons through exactly those cognitive function chains that you aimed to stimulate. After finishing stimulation, if you keep on learning while keeping your neural connections toned, they will continuously (up to several month) remain in that condition. And if you stop learning, the connections will remain toned for some more time.

How to begin?

The recommended stimulation course is the same as the one used in scientific researches: 20 minutes per day,

5-10 days straight with 2-3 month breaks. The time during which you undergo the stimulation should be chosen based on the cognitive function you want to stimulate. If it’s language learning, then you should actually be learning a language during the stimulation for 20 minutes. If we’re talking about learning/improving athletic skills, then it’s necessary to undergo the stimulation during your work-outs. And if it’s about your mood improvement, you just need to relax during the session.

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